Water Pollution: Plastic in the Ocean Essay

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Water pollution has had devastating effects on the environment, which include irreversible effects to the oceans ecosystem. People often underestimate the importance of the ocean. They don’t realize how much damage pollution has caused to the ocean and the thousand of creatures that inhabit it. Earth is a huge place, but resources are actually very limited and will not last forever; unless there is a balance. We must protect the resources we have in order for them to last into the next generation. Every time we throw away a plastic bottle, drive our cars, and even burn those millions of fossil fuels to operate all those huge factories, there is a chance it will pollute the ocean and eventually effect the way we live. There should be …show more content…
All of these micro plastics and other debris carried by the current come together at ocean gyres. Ocean gyres are circular ocean currents formed by the earths wind patterns and the forces created by the earth’s rotation. The circular motion of a grye draws in debris, eventually the debris make it into the center of the gyre where it is calm and stable. The debris becomes trapped, unable to escape the debris begins to build up. One of the most well known garbage patches is, the Great Pacific Garbage Patch or Eastern Pacific Garbage Patch. This patch lies between the United States of Hawaii and California. So much garbage accumulates because most of it is not biodegradable. Scientist has collected 1.9 million pieces of plastic debris per square mile of the Great Pacific Garbage patch. The gyre is 7 million square miles which is about twice the size of Texas. This patch is not the only patch that exists. There are garbage patches all over the world accumulating at different gyres. Not all the trash floats on the surface denser debris floats to the middle or even the bottom of the ocean. There is no way to measure the unseen litter. Nobody really no’s exactly how much trash is in the ocean, all they know is that there is a lot. (Gianna Andrews, et al) In the heavily polluted places in the ocean, there is six times more plastic than there is plankton. (Gianna Andrews) When plastic bags and other debris collect on the surface it

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