Throughout a life course, many individuals endure some kind of violence or commit certain acts of violence. Reports such as the Bureau of Justice Statistics, articles, and books have been created in order to show people the different forms of violence that are visible on a daily basis. Through these readings people are able to understand the nature of interpersonal violence including domestic, intimate, assault, robbery, murder, and sexual assault. This paper will show the characteristics of male/female offenders and victims, stranger violence and child abuse.
Intimate Partner Violence
Intimate Partner Violence (IPV), can be described as “"domestic violence," "intimate partner violence" describes physical, sexual, or psychological harm
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According to Rennison and Welchans (2000), most male victims are: “young, black divorced or separated, or are living in rented housing” (p.3). The authors showed that blacks were 62% higher than whites and 2 ½ times the rate of men of other races to become victims of intimate partner violence (p.4). On the other hand, women who become offenders, have different characteristics than men. Olge, Maier-Katkin, and Bernard (1995), concluded that women have several characteristics according to different authors. For example according to Brown and Green (1987), women who are the offenders, have been part of long term abusive relationships. Aside from an abusive relationship, according to Goetting (1987), women who suffer from pre and post partum depression are more likely to become offenders (as cited by Rennison&Welchans, 2000,:p.1). Women sometimes have characteristics that trigger their actions into becoming an offender.
Women and men have also been victims of intimate partner violence. Their characteristics can both differ and be the same. Most male/females victims are: poor, young, separated or divorced and are minorities. These characteristics are common among victims no matter their gender. Women victims are different from male victims because those living below poverty lines are more likely to be victims, while male victims do not. Offender characteristics also have similarities and differences amongst genders. A big