Essay on Bariatric Surgery

1280 Words 6 Pages
Recent arguments claim plastic surgery to be a life saving alternative while others continue argue the many risks involved. Every year more than 300,000 people die from complications due to morbid obesity. Dying from obesity related illnesses is only second to dying from cigarette smoke. Morbid obesity is a term used to define individuals who are more than 50 percent above their ideal body weight and body mass index that is greater than 40. “According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 9 million adult Americans are morbidly obese. This is 4.7 percent of the U.S. population, up from 2.9 percent in 1994 (“Morbid Obesity,” n.d)”. Because of its seriousness and pervasiveness, morbid obesity has become a …show more content…
The small intestine is bypassed because this is where most of the body's digestion and absorption of food take place.
Two of the most common types of bariatric surgery performed today are gastric banding and sleeve gastrectomy. Gastric banding is a restrictive surgical procedure where two medical devices are implanted in the patient, a silicone band and an injection port. With Gastric banding, a silicone band is placed around the upper part of the stomach which molds the stomach into two connected chambers. The injection port is attached to the abdominal wall, underneath the skin. The port is connected to the band with soft, thin tubing. The band is adjustable. Adjustments are made by your healthcare professional using a needle to inject saline solution into your band through the port. Adding saline increases the amount of restriction provided by the band, helping patients feel fuller sooner and with less food.
Sleeve gastrectomy is also a restrictive bariatric surgery. During this procedure, the surgeon creates a small, sleeve-shaped stomach. It is larger than the stomach pouch created during Roux-en-Y bypass and is about the size of a banana. Sleeve gastrectomy is typically considered as a treatment option for bariatric surgery patients with a BMI of 60 or higher. It is often performed as

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