Zeus And The Divine Level Essay

929 Words Nov 25th, 2014 4 Pages
Zeus is primarily the one who determines the fate of each character. He exists not only to oversee the heavens and humankind, but also to enforce his will in how smoothly or not the story continues. Segal insists that "on the divine level, Zeus 's program for retributive justice at the beginning is not an accomplished fact of the world order but appears as work-in-progress" as he prepares to assist directly or indirectly in any way for Odysseus ' safe return (491). Zeus makes his first appearance in the Odyssey in book I as he berates humankind for blaming the gods for their woes, "[a]h how shameless--the way these mortals blame the gods . . . with their own reckless ways, compound their pains beyond their proper share" (37-40). In a way, Homer is Zeus as Wilson suggests, "assuming that the will of Zeus conforms rather exactly to the will of the poet" and "the plot of an epic poem is simply the will of Zeus" as he willfully determines the fate of the poem (151). Although Zeus who ultimately determines the fate of humankind, he holds Odysseus in the highest regard "[the] Great Odysseus who excels all men in wisdom, excels in offerings too he gives the immortal gods who rule the vaulting skies" although does very little to help Odysseus before Athena asks for his aid in book I (1.78-80). Kullmann states "[g]ods, on the contrary, guarantee "poetic justice" when they warn men against doing evil" is fair suggestion that Zeus ' order is justifiable (5). In book V, Athena asks…

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