Youth Violence in Australia Essay

2683 Words May 15th, 2015 11 Pages
Youth Violence in Australia

Introduction

In recent years youth violence has become a growing concern. Not only has incidence increased but also more worryingly the severity of attacks by young Australians has worsened, leading to major economical and personal losses to society.
In 2009 on the streets of Coolangatta Damien Ford (aged 18) viciously assaulted 18-year-old Sam Ford (no relation) in an unprovoked attack. Sam spent 18th months in hospital and suffered severe brain injuries leaving him disabled and requiring full time care for the rest of his life. In Adelaide in 2008 Sam Davis (aged 17) was attempting to break up a fight at a party when he was king hit in the back of the head by a gate crasher (aged 18). Sam fell to the
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Thus it is clear that youth violence is a major public health issue that needs serious attention. Apart from the economical costs of youth violence, there is tremendous personal loss to the families of the victims who have their lives tragically cut short or significantly impaired (disability, brain damage, etc.).

Causes

In order to analyse campaigns aimed at youth violence and to formulate strategies for prevention & early intervention it is important to identify core factors that influence and lead to violence among young people.

One model that has proven effective in identifying risk factors leading to violent behaviour in young people is the Social Development Model (SDM) (Huang et al, 2001). The SDM emphasizes the impact of social and contextual influences of communities, family, school, peers and the individual on antisocial behaviour.
A study conducted by Hemphill et al. in 2009 comparing the modifiable determinants of youth violence in Australia and North America uses the SDM as a basis to identify risk factors contributing to violent behaviour, as well as other research. The methodology of the study involved surveying 2885 school students from Washington State (USA) and 2884 students from Victoria (Australia) in

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