Understanding And Utilizing Theories On Cognitive Development
Understanding and utilizing theories on cognitive development, social development, and behavioral development is essential to be an effective teacher. Therefore it is equally important to be well versed with the prominent theories and methods of educating that are available today. However, not only is it important to know the theories and what they mean, but also to utilize those theories in the classroom. Many of the theories of development will be utilized in my classroom, but Lev Vygotsky’s, Lawrence Kohlberg’s, and B.F. Skinner’s theories will all have a home in my classroom and its development.
According to Vygotsky, learning occurs before development. Vygotsky believed that learning involved acquiring knowledge from others and deliberate teaching that was then internalized. He called this ability self-regulation. The first step in this process is a child learning that sounds have meaning, or in other words, a language. Once language is mastered a child develops private speech which is often seen when children talk to themselves while working through a problem. Later, as the child matures and develops the speech becomes more internalized. This private speech is an important tool that helps children to work out solutions to problems.
Another theory that Vygotsky set forth is that of the zone of proximal development, mediation, scaffolding, and cooperative learning. Each of these is important to understand and work together. The zone of proximal development…