Transportation in Food Industry Essay

7754 Words Mar 26th, 2013 32 Pages
1.0 Introduction
Transportation is the movement of people and goods from one location to another. Throughout history, the economic wealth and military power of a people or a nation have been closely tied to efficient methods of transportation. Transportation provides access to natural resources and promotes trade, allowing a nation to accumulate wealth and power. Transportation also allows the movement of equipment and food supplies so that a nation can have access to food all year round. Transportation is vital to a nation’s economy.
1.1 Food Transportation
No matter whether they are genetically modified, certified organic or grown using conventional farming methods, no matter if partially processed for use as food ingredients or
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The types of crop and food animal production best suited for a region depend on its climate, topography, soil and other factors. The political and economic conditions of a place may also be factors in attracting certain forms of food production.
1.3 History of food transportation
Food transport dates back to the Roman Empire and the Eastern spice trade when cultures transversed faraway lands to bring exotic spices and foods from the Far East to Europe. The earliest method to transport food was of course on foot, a method that is very limited. One big step forward was when pack animals, boats and barges started to come in use, it increased the capacity substansially. The invention of the wheel gave people carts and roads were built to make it faster and better for them. Until the 19th century, sea transport dominated food transport technology. However, during the 1800s the steamship and railway revolutionized continental transport and food trade (eHow. Com). These better transport methods made trade between people grow, and foods were shipped long distances. Better roads, bigger and better ships and improved preservation methods were fuelled by the mechanisms of economy. This development has continued until today. Today there are almost no limits for what we can transport and how far. Food is preserved and packed in efficient ways, minimizing

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