Essay about The Tropical Island Of Puerto Rico

1486 Words Nov 23rd, 2014 6 Pages
The tropical island of Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean Sea. The island is apart what is known as the Greater Antilles Islands, because of its location in the Caribbean Sea as well as the islands located in the same area. Other islands located near Puerto Rico are Cuba, the island of Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), and Jamaica (Geography of Puerto Rico). The island is known for it’s vast beauty, exports such as sugar, coffee and rum and plush history.
Before Christopher Columbus’ voyage to the island of Puerto Rico, the island was populated by Taíno Indians who named the island Borinquen. The meaning of Borinquen is "the great land of the valiant and noble Lord" or "land of the great lords". (History of Puerto Rico). The Tainos migrated from South America and inhabited a majority of the Greater Antilles Islands. The Tainos lived in small villages led by a chief (cacique). The Tainos were serene people who lived simple lives. They had inadequate familiarity with cultivation and lived off of local fish, and tropical harvests produced by themselves. Taino Indians had a civilized way of living, but it changed after Columbus “discovered” the island. (PBS: Puerto Rico: A Timeline)
Christopher Columbus traveled to the Caribbean once before arriving in Puerto Rico in 1493, on his second voyage to the New World (Modern Latin America, pg. 213) Columbus claimed the island for Spain and renamed it San Juan Bautista. The Spanish crown began to rule and colonized…

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