The Nature of Developmental Processes
The purpose of this work is to explain and describe the developmental processes of individuals. Define important phases in a person’s lifespan such as the biological, cognitive and socioemotional processes. Also, explore the different periods of development from conception through adulthood, as well as the importance and significance of age. Last, it identifies the issues that may occur during the development of these processes as a result of the many different changes and individual faces throughout a lifespan.
Keywords: developmental processes, lifespan, biological, cognitive, socioemotional, significance of age and issues
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nurture issue can impact a person’s life. Also the stability and change issue explains how early experiences persist throughout life. And last, the continuity and discontinuity issue gives details and describes the degree to which development involves gradual, cumulative or distinct stages. The processes used to describe these changes and the evolution in an individual’s lifespan can be quite complex according to Santrock (2012), “The pattern is complex because it is the product of biological, cognitive, and socioemotional processes” (p. 15). The biological changes that take place in a person’s life are all of physical nature; genes inherited from parents and the development of the brain are just some of the examples that occur during the biological process. Another important phase is the cognitive process which refers to the changes an individual experiences in thought, intelligence and language. Last, the socioemotional process which is an individual’s interaction with others which also involves changes in emotion and personality. A good example is the smile of an infant in response to the gesture of love from her/his parents or a family relative. Although these are all independent processes they are correlated and connected with each other. As a result, they serve as a platform, provide explanation or simply respond to the processes of each stage. In addition to the biological, cognitive and socioemotional processes, the developmental or age