The Issue Of A New Governmental System Essay

1477 Words Nov 23rd, 2014 6 Pages
Bashar al-Asaad has stepped down and the fighting in Syria has ceased to exist. Now Syria is without a legitimate government. When choosing a new governmental system, political leaders must take into consideration the various religious and ethnic divisions that exist within Syria. The country mostly consists of Sunni Muslims, but there are also Alawis, Christians, Kurds, Druze, Bedouin, Ismailis, Turcomans, Circassians, and Assyrians. There also exists several sects within each of those religions. Therefore, there are several factors that must be taken into account before deciding on a particular governmental system (“Syria’s Ethnic and Religious Divisions”, 2013).
When considering democracy, we come across Madison’s Dilemma, which includes the establishment of a constitution. He claims that citizens in democratic states want the government to get things done, while also ensuring that their liberty does not give way to tyranny. He advocates that political institutions should “check and balance” politicians’ ambitions against each other. He also claims there are 4 key constitutional rules that work to concentrate or disperse power: Unitarianism versus Federalism; separation or fusion of powers; judicial review versus parliamentary supremacy; majoritarian or proportional electoral system (Samuels, 2013).
In a unitary state, the constitution grants the central government sole authority over policy making throughout the entire territory. Local governments do not have any…

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