Essay about The Hip And Hip Replacement Surgery

1594 Words May 4th, 2016 null Page
The hip is a complex joint comprised of many different muscles, ligaments and bones. Hip replacement surgery is becoming a more commonly used procedure and because of this, has evolved greatly. People are living longer and putting more stress on their bodies, this means more precautions must taken to maintain our bodies, such as joint replacement surgeries. Hip replacements are required for many difficult reasons for patients of many varying ages. Strong hip joints are important for everyday function as well as in sport. Following reading this report you will understand more about general information regarding the surgery, what it is, what happens and the different types of implants.

The hip joint is a type of synovial joint called the ball and socket joint (Schmidler, 2016). The ball and socket joint occurs where the end of one bone, shaped like a ball fits into the socket like end the other connecting bone (Schmidler, 2016). This type of joint allows for the forward movement used for walking (Temertzoglou, 2015). The hip joint comprises of the femur (which has the ball end), and the three bones creating the pelvis (the ilium, sacrum and coccyx) making the socket end (Human Anatomy, 2012). The ends of the femur are covered with articulating cartilage allowing for smooth movement during use (Schmidler, 2016). Since you use your hip joint every time you walk, this makes it a high traffic friction point (Schmidler, 2016). The constant friction in the hip socket makes this…

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