The Future of Biodiversity in India Essay

1500 Words Mar 2nd, 2012 6 Pages
The Future of Biodiversity in India

THE FUTURE OF BIODIVERSITY IN INDIA INDIA is not only gifted with cultural diversity, geographical diversity, social diversity and climatic diversity but also adorned with biodiversity which broadly includes land biodiversity and marine biodiversity. Its geographical position on globe is suitable to achieve latitudinal variation as well as altitudinal variation in giving birth to varied number of indigenous flora and fauna. India contains 8%of world species in only 2.4% area of world. Moreover ,in about 34 biological hotspots spread all over the world three lies in India i.e. Western Ghats, North-East India and Himalayan region.

Biodiversity is the presence of genetic and species
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Today most grasslands and forests have been converted to agricultural land or urban center. It has become the centre of human activity, of mans dominance over the environment. Rivers ,lakes, ponds ,deltas and oceans have become the dumping grounds of mans innovation. Wetlands have been reclaimed for agricultural or settlement purpose and coastal ecosystem have been destroyed for developmental projects like setting up of refineries, ports etc. These developments have strained and fragmented the natural habitat which severely effect the biodiversity of the region. Several projects are still in the policy formulation stages such linking of rivers, construction of dams (even in seismic zones),construction of expressways and freeways, increase in mining areas ,scientific observatories like the neutrino observatory in the Nilgiris ,construction of canals etc which require a significant appraisal and assessment of the environment with respect to the specific considerations of the indigenous people of the region.

Natural calamities like floods, droughts , famine , landslides , earthquake , tsunamis, cyclones ,avalanches etc. also help anthropogenic factors in doing irreversible damage to the ecosystem. Therefore overall, the climatic changes which is a widely recognized factors of biodiversity damage is a major cause of concern of

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