Essay The Extraordinary Science Of Microbiology

2082 Words Nov 20th, 2014 9 Pages
The Extraordinary Science of Microbiology There are a wide variety of microorganisms in this world. The major groups of microorganisms include bacteria and fungi. These microorganisms are found all over the earth. The study of microorganisms started in the mid-1600’s. Most people believed that microorganisms only spread deadly diseases, but scientists proved that microorganisms can also be beneficial to human life. The wide variety of microorganisms that are found everywhere are most well known to be deadly; however, by studying these deadly microorganisms, scientists can find cures and save lives. Microbes were thought to be the first living organisms on earth, but it wasn’t until the mid-1600’s that they were noticed. In this century, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek invented the first microscope. Atlas said, “These microscopes were really simple, consisting of spherical glass lens held by two metal plates, a specimen holder, and screws for positioning and focusing the specimen” (Atlas 5). Using his microscope, Leeuwenhoek sent recorded observations to the Royal Society in London through a series of letters (Atlas 4). After Leeuwenhoek, not much progress was made in microbiology until the turn of the eighteenth century. According to Atlas, “The Italian naturalist Lazzaro Spallanzani, debating the then-prevalent view of spontaneous generation, produced experimental evidence showing that putrefaction of organic substrates is caused by minute organisms that do not arise…

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