The Evaluation of five Websites about Cloning based on their Credibility and support by peer-reviewed Articles
Introduction Ever since the birth of the first cloned sheep, named Dolly, the dream of human cloning has existed (Van Dijck, 1999). Cloning a mammal is described as the manipulation of an animal or human cell in order to create an identical copy of that animal’s or human’s nucleic DNA (Andrews, 1997). Though the dream of a human clone also comes with a lot of controversy regarding ethics and morals. Embryotic stem cell research, which could lead to a renewable source of human tissue, cells and eventually entire organs (Bowring, 2004), is highly controversial due to the necessity of placing a cloned embryo into a woman’s body
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The complications in cloning for different animals including primates, cows, mice, and pigs are assessed by this article and the authors conclude that human cloning will not be possible in the near future (Pennisi and Vogel, 2000). This article places second as it was published in the peer-reviewed journal Science and has been cited by other peer-reviewed articles. The article uses in text citation but lacks a list of references at the bottom of the article. As this article summarizes and elaborates on the results of cloning from several experiments it lacks its own primary experimental data unlike the first placed website. The information given is accurate though as its comparable to the success rate given in Solder’s peer-reviewed article (2000), which mentions the cloning rate to be as low as 0.3% for cows and up to 1% for sheep. This article is not ranked at the top of the list due to the missing reference list and due to the old ness of the article. In a world where cloning has barely begun, a 12 year-old article that summarizes information on recent cloning experiments might not be the most accurate and suitable website, even though the problems mentioned in this article still trouble scientists today.
3. “Cloning Fact Sheet” The “Cloning Fact Sheet” website offers