The Epidemic Of Infectious Diseases Essay

847 Words Nov 21st, 2014 4 Pages
In an attempt to address emerging infectious communicable diseases of global significance, governments employ differing approaches. A country’s level of response to an outbreak of communicable disease depends largely on the said country’s economic capability. There is a strong correlation between economic wealth attainment and good health outcomes. The emergence of the Ebola virus in West Africa and the ensuring high death toll reaffirm this narrative. Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea are among the poorest countries in the world and had just emerged for armed conflicts. Their populations are economically deprived and they lack basic health infrastructures or material resources to provide adequate healthcare. Initial attempts made to combat the spread of the disease were futile. Compounding the already dire situation of post conflict societies, such outbreak of lethal infectious pathogen further disrupts economic activities and political uncertainty; thus, increasing the likelihood of further deprivation and poor health outcomes.
Historically, attempts to control infectious diseases in the colonized territories were driven by the imperatives to protect economic interests and the lives of imperial forces. In mediaeval times, when highly lethal infectious diseases such as the Plague of Justinian (542 CE) or the great Black Death (1346- 1353) reached continental Europe, they were met with draconian measures including forced quarantine of people, cities (cordon sanitaire) and…

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