Essay on The Effects Of Antimicrobial Resistance On Health Care

1762 Words Nov 24th, 2014 8 Pages
Antimicrobial resistance is gaining momentum in health care as a major cause of concern for the implications it bears on treating patients infected with microbial pathogens. Abbreviated as AMR, Antimicrobial resistance, occurs when bacteria that cause illness can no longer be treated with antibiotics (or other prescription drugs) that previously were able to inhibit the growth of or kill off the microbial infection (Frey, 2003, pg 70). For a health care provider this means treating what was once a common place infection is now a significantly more complex task. A particularly virulent infection could be untreatable by the current drugs available to health care workers (Dennis, 2014, para. 4). Analyzing the causes for the development AMR allows one to gain insight both the reasons behind the proliferation of dangerous resistant strains of bacteria but also the pathways researchers are taking to fight against the spread of resistant microbes currently in existence and the creation of new ones. It is also pertinent to understand the economic drivers behind the issue and the effect on health care costs. Although human behaviors have have exacerbated the issues behind the development of AMR, bacteria develop natural resistance to certain substances without human intervention. In 1952 it was discovered that penicillin resistant bacteria had existed before scientist began using penicillin as a treatment for infections (Frey, 2003, pg 70). Several of the antibiotics used today…

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