The Characteristics Of Down Syndrome Essays

861 Words Nov 23rd, 2014 4 Pages
Down syndrome is a condition in which a person has an extra chromosome. Chromosomes are small packages of genes in the body. Chromosomes determine how a baby’s body forms while the mom is pregnant. It causes academic impairment and physical defects, including being short, and a broad facial profile. Down syndrome is frequently caused from a defect relating the chromosome 21, or generally and extra copy. In every cell in the human body there is a nucleus, where inborn material is stored in genes. Genes carry codes that are accountable for all of our genetic traits from our parents and they are clustered along chromosomes. In a normal nucleus cell there should be 23 chromosomes, half of them should be inborn from each parent. Down syndrome happens when a person has a full or half of an extra duplicate of chromosome 21. This extra genetic material alterations the course of growth and causes the features allied with Down syndrome. The common bodily traits linked with Down syndrome are low muscle tone, being short, skyward slanted eyes, and a single deep crease across the center of the palm. Although each person is different in their own way and may own more or not all of those features listed. It is very common, in every 691 babies in the United States one is born with Down syndrome. There is exactly 400,000 Americans who have Down syndrome and about 6,000 babies who have Down syndrome are born in the U.S. each year. Down syndrome was revealed in the late 19th century by John…

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