Success Of The United Nations Essay
030:060:A01 Intro to International Relations
Ronald Regan once said that “Peace is not the absence of conflict, it is the ability to handle conflict by peaceful means”. Although created 35 years before Regan’s Presidency, the United Nations supports a similar ideal. The UN Charter, signed on June 26, 1945, states the following main purposes: 1.) To maintain international peace and stability 2.) To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples 3.) To achieve international cooperation in solving international problems 4.) To be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations (un.org, 2014). This paper will address how well the UN has upheld these purposes by analyzing certain functions, conditions and cases. Ultimately, I will argue that the UN has experienced too many failures, and can thus be considered only mildly successful in promoting world peace.
In order to analyze how successfully the UN promotes world peace is it essential to know three functions of the UN and their meaning. The first, peacekeeping, is a term defined by John T. Rourke as international military force used under an international organization, such as the UN, to prevent fighting. Essentially, when the UN practices peacekeeping, they are acting as a barrier between combatants (Rourke, 2008, pg.363). Peacekeeping varies from other UN functions in that it is…