Soc Ch1 Essay

1500 Words Jun 9th, 2012 6 Pages
CHAPTER 1
ANSWERS FOR THE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
1. b The sociological perspective is an approach to understanding human behavior by placing it within its broader social context. (4)
2 . d Sociologists consider occupation, income, education, gender, age, and race as dimensions of social location.(4)
3. d All three statements reflect ways in which the social sciences are like the natural sciences. Both attempt to study and understand their subjects objectively; both attempt to undercover the relationships that create order in their respective worlds through controlled observation; and both are divided into many specialized fields. (5-7)
4. c Generalization is one of the goals of scientific inquiry. It involves going beyond
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He called this concept social integration. (12)
11. a In response to the development of the new, impersonal industrial society, Durkheim suggested that new social groups be created to stand between the state and the family.
He believed this would address the condition of anomie. (12)
12. c Max Weber's research on the rise of capitalism identified religious beliefs as the key.
(13)
13. d All are correct. Replication helps researchers overcome distortions that values can cause, results can be compared when a study is repeated, and replication involves the repetition of a study by other researchers. (14)
14. c Social facts and Verstehen go hand-in-hand. Social facts are patterns of behavior that characterize a social group. By applying Verstehen, your understanding of what it means to be human and to face various situations in life, you gain an understanding of people's behavior. (15)
15. b In the nineteenth century, it was unlikely that women would study sociology because gender roles were rigidly defined; women were supposed to devote themselves to the four
K's — Kirche, Küchen, Kinder, und Kleider (church, cooking, children, and clothes).
(16-17)
16. b The statement that, “Unlike the situation in Europe, many North American women found that there were few barriers and they were able to train in sociology and receive faculty appointments,” is incorrect. In the early years of sociology,

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