By nearly any measure, the U.S. is one of the most religious nations in the world. According to a December 1994 Gallup poll, 96% of Americans believe in God and seven in 10 call religion a very important aspect of their lives. At the same time, the nation's Constitution states that the government may not promote a particular religion over another or impede any person's ability to practice his or her religious beliefs. As interpreted by the Supreme Court, the First Amendment to the Constitution calls for a near total division, or "wall," between church and state at the federal, state and local levels. The question of where exactly to place that wall, however, has formed the basis of one of the nation's most enduring and impassioned
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Many also advocate giving religious organizations a greater role in administering the nation's social assistance programs, such as job training for welfare recipients. Such proposals have garnered wide support among policy makers and the public. However, many liberal lawmakers and civil libertarians bristle at the notion that religion should be allowed to creep into public policy or institutions. Over the past century, these critics say, the Supreme Court has repeatedly ruled in favor of a strict division between church and state. That division demands that religion be kept a private matter with no role in state or federal politics. Only in this way, they say, can the true spirit of the First Amendment be honored.
If you believe that history repeats itself it would not be wise to allow Church and State to combine once more. Thought history church was or played a large party in governments of the past. The Roman Catholic Church held power in most of Europe during the middle ages. Near the end of the Middle Ages, corruption in the Catholic Church was a serious dilemma. Members of the clergy were supposed to be well educated, but many priests were illiterate and barely knew how to perform common religious services. Also, priest and nuns in spite of taking vows of chastity engaged in sexual relationships. Even the pope Alexander VI had fathered and raised children. Many of the abbots and bishops exploited their positions to