Essay on Schizophreni A Brain Disorder

1544 Words Dec 1st, 2014 7 Pages
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that effects the way an individual experiences the world. The disorder is characterized by psychotic, positive symptoms, deficit, negative symptoms, and cognitive impairment (Hung Choy Wong & Van Tol, 2003). Positive symptoms are expressed as delusions, hallucinations and/or disorganized thoughts. Delusions are beliefs that are false, for example, your neighbor starts to believe that he is the president of the United States of America. Hallucinations are perceptions, any form, that are false; the more common are visual and auditory. For example, your other neighbor Donnie starts to see and communicate with a white bunny rabbit named Frank. Disorganized thoughts can be seen through a conversation with an individual. This is expressed by making loose associations, jumping from one topic to another, loosing their train of thought and what is called word salad, speech that is disorganized and mixed around. The negative symptoms are shown as a diminished affect, alogia and/or avolition. Diminished affect is when the individual will have restricted emotional expression. Alogia is a lack of speech and can be shown by the lack of content in the response given and/or the lack of the amount. Avolition is when the individual has problems in initiating and maintaining goal directed activities. Schizophrenia has a typical onset between 15-30 years of age (Nicolson et al., 2000). The disease rarely occurs in children, but the childhood…

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