Rwanda Genocide Essay

2000 Words May 5th, 2012 8 Pages
This essay seeks to discuss the major factors that led to intra-state conflict in Rwanda that ultimately resulted in the April 1994 genocide. My discussion will start by giving a historical background to the nature of relations that existed between the two ethnic groups during the colonial era. It is during this era that seeds of hate between the two ethnic groups were perpetrated. My discussion will then focus on how events in the post-colonial era unfolded resulting in the genocide activities. Before going into the detailed discussion, there is need to define the terms intra-state conflict and genocide.
Intra-state conflict is the occurrence of armed conflict within rather than between states. These conflicts involve ethnic or religious
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The third category involved the Hutus killing Tutsis just because they were Tutsis.
Several scholars have carried researches to find out the motivation behind this mass killing of people. A number of causes have been proffered but the most outstanding causes emanates from the tension filled relationship that existed between the Hutu and the Tutsi. This tension dates back to the colonial era and was actually fuelled by the colonialist settlers. This tension therefore continued to simmer even after independence and finally exploded in the form of the 1994 genocide. Scholars argue that during the pre-colonial era, the Hutu and Tutsi coexisted together in Rwanda with cases of intermarriages between the two ethnic groups taking place. Some scholars however are of the thinking that ethnic divisions had long existed even during the per-colonial era. The argument of these scholars is that the Hutus who were predominantly agriculturalist were the first to settle in Rwanda. The Tutsi who were predominantly pastoralists who owned long-horned cattle moved in from Ethiopia. Typical of cattle pastoralists, they were armed and accustomed to fighting to protect their herds against raiders and to raid for cattle and village goods themselves. They were therefore more aggressive and better organised for military purposes than the Hutu farmers. They eventually conquered most of Rwanda

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