Essay about Roles and Functions of Law

992 Words Apr 13th, 2015 4 Pages
Role & Functions of Law

By: David Johnson
Class: LAW/421
Due Date: 06 April 2015
Instructor: Alan Williams

Laws are the rules of actions prescribed by controlling authority and involving legal force. Laws create duties and obligations that reflect given views of a given society. In business and society, the law serves many roles and functions to uphold its main purpose of promoting fairness and equality. It is said that, the roles of law in business and society can be classified into three different categories. Those categories are civil and criminal law, substantive and procedural law, and public and private laws. All of these categories of law help define not only what is right but also what is wrong.
Criminal law is a
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An example of public law would be the O.J. Simpson murder case. Private law could be two business partners fighting over the rights to a property.
According to Melvin, American law is composed of a unique blend from various sources based on U.S. historical roots. Modern law in the United States regulating businesses and individuals is a combination of constitutional law, statutory law, common law and administrative law. While these are the primary sources of law and they sometimes work with each other. Constitutional law is the foundation for all other law in the U.S. and is the law of the land. Constitutional law has three major functions in business and society. They are to establish a structure for federal and state governments, to grant specific powers for the different branches of government, and to provide procedural protections for U.S. citizens from wrongful government actions.
However with the changing complexity and development of society in today’s world, American law has adapted with additional functions. There are eight major functions of law that are identified. Those functions are: to keep peace, influence and enforce standards, maintain the status quo in certain aspects, facilitate orderly change, allow for maximum self-assertion by the individual, facilitate planning and the realization of reasonable expectations, promote social justice, and to provide a mechanism for compromise solutions between polar principles and positions. These functions of law

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