Psychological Perspectives : The Behavioral Perspective Essay

1383 Words Nov 27th, 2014 6 Pages
Throughout this essay two psychological perspectives are going to be highlighted. These are, behavioural and cognitive.
The behavioural perspective is also known as the behaviourist; this outlines how behaviour is affected by the environment around us. Behaviourists believe that all behaviour depends on a response to a stimulus; the stimulus is the event that takes place and the response is how we behave after this. As well as this behaviour is based on positive and negative influences. "Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I 'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select -- doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors." (J.Wastson 1930). In1930 John Watson found the behaviourist approach and Watson believed that an individual could be trained to be or do anything depending on the right conditioning they are taught. There are two types of conditioning these are classical and operant, classical conditioning is a process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired, the neutral stimulus is paired with unconditioned stimulus to generate the same response as the unconditioned stimulus. While operant conditioning is learnt through rewards and punishments for certain behaviour carried out, rewards for good behaviour and consequence…

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