Peru : Land Of Resilience Essay

1312 Words Nov 19th, 2014 6 Pages
Peru: Land of Resiliency

The country of Peru is located in the western part of South America. As the third largest country in South America, it has many different landscapes and climates that span the country from coastline, mountains, and dense forest. It borders many countries to include Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Columbia and Ecuador with its western border consisting of the Pacific Ocean. The origins, people, legends of hidden cities, diverse landscape, and government make Peru one of the most fascinating countries in South America.
Peru has an ancient past and is known as the homeland for Andean cultures and civilizations such as the Incas. The Incan empire is a centuries old civilization that was conquered by the Spanish in 1533. Prior to the arrival of the Spanish the Incas had what many would consider an advanced civilization for the time. The Incan Empire is estimated to have had a population of over 11 million people. The empire is speculated to have sprawled beyond the borders of modern day Peru but Peru had the largest population in South America prior to 1532. After the arrival of the Spanish the population suffered a drastic decline due to the introduction of diseases such as measles and smallpox. This decline in population steadily continued over the next two hundred years. By the end of the 18th century the population of over 11 million had been reduced to one million. However, the population of one million did not account for the Incan population alone, but…

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