Organisations and Behaviour Essay

3286 Words Feb 26th, 2016 14 Pages

An organisation is an assortment of individuals who work along and coordinate their actions to achieve a certain objective. The objective is what people try to accomplish as members of the organisation. For example improving business, promote a worthy cause, achieving power and status, acquiring work experience, and so on. The goals are what the organisation as an entire is attempting to accomplish (providing innovative product and services that customers want; obtaining candidates elected; raising cash for medial research; creating a profit to reward stockholders, managers, and employees; and being socially responsible and protective the natural environment). An effective organisation is one that achieves its goals (George
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Organisational structure is the hierarchical arrangement of tasks that determine how jobs are positioned and controlled in an organisation. Designing structures will help to coordinate and motivate employees so that they work together to achieve specific organisational goals. There is no “one best way” to design an organisation’s structure since all organisations are unique. The best design is one that is suitable to an organisation’s situation and culture (George and Jones, 2014). The structure of an organisation can be illustrated using organisational charts whereas an organisation’s culture is hidden and only demonstrated through actions.

The Simple Structure

Simple structure, also known as entrepreneurial structure, is based on centralisation and central power. One individual has the authority to make all the decisions and it usually has only two or three vertical levels consisting of the work allocation. This structure is generally adopted by small businesses in which the owner has the power to control all the resources. The efficiency of the simple structure lies in its simplicity. It’s fast, flexible, and inexpensive to operate. One major drawback is that it becomes gradually ineffective as an organisation grows. As size increases, decision-making becomes slower as the owner tries to continue making all the decisions. Moreover, it is risky when everything depends on one

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