Nadim Essays

721 Words Mar 2nd, 2014 3 Pages
Historical background of trade union:-
Union oriented, mainly in Great Britain the U.S.A in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, as, associations of workers using the same skill. There is no connection between trade unions and medieval craft guilds, for the latter were composed of master craftsmen who owned capital and often employer several workers. The early unions were formed a partly as social clubs but soon became increasingly concerned with improving wages and working conditions, primarily by the device of collective bargaining. Progressing from trade to trade within the same city or area, the clubs formed local associations which, because they carried on their main activities on a purely local level, were almost self-sufficient.
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Although the |
| |unions were subject to often severe repression until 1824, they were already widespread in cities such as London. |
| |Workplace militancy had also manifested itself as Luddism and had been prominent in struggles such as the 1820 Rising in |
| |Scotland, in which 60,000 workers went on a general strike, which was soon crushed. Sympathy for the plight of the |
| |workers brought repeal of the acts in 1824, although the Combination Act 1825 severely restricted their activity. |
|1810s |the first labour organizations to bring together workers of divergent occupations were formed. |
|1818 |Possibly the first such union was the General Union of Trades, also known as the Philanthropic Society, founded in 1818 |
| |in Manchester. The latter name was to hide the organization's real purpose in a time when trade unions were still |
| |illegal. |
|1820s-30s |The first attempts at setting up a national general union were made. |

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