Essay on Mussolini Personal Dictatorship

1463 Words Jan 30th, 2012 6 Pages
HOW SUCCESSFUL WAS MUSSOLINI IN CREATING A DICTATORSHIP IN ITALY BETWEEN 1922-40.

When Mussolini became prime minister, in October 1922, he was not faced with a trouble-free position because he had to tackle the same problems that confronted the liberal Italian state throughout its existence. In terms of his domestic policies, it could be argued that Mussolini was more successful than his predecessors including Giolitti. However, historians cannot argue that even with his direct and ruthless political methods, he put an end to the divisions in Italian society that had if anything stunted Italy’s prosperity as a country and in this period Mussolini seemed to be the answer to all their problems.

Mussolini’s route to creating his
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This could have proved the fatal incident in Mussolini’s route to creating his dictatorship as he was a prime suspect for Matteoti’s murder; however, once again Mussolini instinctively manipulated the situation to his own advantage and used the crisis as a tool to consolidate his power. So, in January 1925 Mussolini affirmed his innocence in his speech and shifted the blame to the deputies who had walked out (Aventine Succession) and used them as a scape goat by blaming them of their unconstitutional methods and this helped in consolidating his political power and also in the creation of his personal dictatorship.

‘The Legge Fascistissime’ which was passed in 1925 was another successful tactic which was made up of mainly pro-fascist aims i.e. the banning of all opposition political parties and non-fascist trade unions. This is a key factor to consider as banning these two influential things stopped anyone having a voice against Mussolini’s actions both in parliament but at a society level through the use of trade unions. January 1926, Mussolini was given the power to issue laws by personal decree which Mussolini subjected to control the Police, Armed Forces and civil service where his key aim was; ‘Fascism would tolerate no rival source of loyalty and this was Mussolini’s way of asserting his control of the fascist movement. This could be argued as one of the tell-tale factors

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