Motivation Essays

1499 Words Jul 11th, 2016 6 Pages
Early 20th century rural life
Early 20th century city life

I/O psychology didn’t appear out of no where, natural growth of times major influences: economic, social, and psychological
Economically: industrial boom around turn of 20th century — promoting interest in efficiency
Societal: growing acceptance of theory of evolution changed way people thought of communities and societies
Protestant work ethic: supported capitalism (became basis of society)
Psychology: undergoing change, accepting scientific method

Frederick W. Taylor
Frederick Winslow Taylor was primarily interested in removing all inefficiency from the workplace, and he targeted his efforts toward the manual worker, aiming to increase their
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Critics were not convinced of Taylor’s argument or rationale: “We do not hesitate to say that Taylorism is inhuman. As far as possible it dehumanizes the man, for it endeavors to remove the only distinction that makes him better than a machine – his intelligence” (Beder, 2000, p99)

Women in factories

Chicago 1920s

Assembly of relay R-1498

The testing room

Elton Mayo
So long as commerce specializes in business methods which take no account of human nature and social motives, so long may we expect strikes and sabotage to be the ordinary accompaniment of industry.

Hourly Output Rates

People will work better when
Treated with respect
Feel they are being understood
Rewarded appropriately
There are positive group dynamics

George Pennock (1929)
“a relationship of confidence and friendliness has been established with these girls to such an extent that practically no supervision is required. In the absence of any drive or urge whatsoever they can be depended upon to do their best. They say they have no sensation of working faster now than under previous conditions…they have a feeling that their increased production is in some way related to the distinctly freer, happier, and more pleasant working environment.”

Changes made throughout the factory
Interviewed employees to find out what they needed
Implemented rest breaks
Changed supervisory styles

Job Analysis:
A way of understanding job tasks and

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