Media and Crime Essay

2174 Words May 11th, 2011 9 Pages
Undergraduate Assignment Cover Sheet
School of Human and Health Sciences

|Student Name: |Rita Kybaite |
|Student ID: |U1068438010 |
|Module Code: |HFB1010 |
|Date Submitted: |18/01/11 |

By submitting this work you are confirming that it is your own work and that all sources used have been accurately cited in text and referenced in the reference list. You are also confirming that the essay
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Rather than asking ‘why does the bad boy commit crime?’ control theory asks, ‘why doesn’t everyone commit crime?’ The answer is that social control influence people to follow society’s rules (Felson, 1994).
Moreover talking about fear of crime, three theories need to be clarified. The first one is cultivation theory which state that the distorted image of crime portrayed by the media affects television viewers disproportionately. In other words, people are free to choose what they read or view, and how they understand it. Secondly, availability heuristic theory, which says that any source of information, may provide the individual with a particularly vivid but negative impression of a particular crime or a particular sort of crime. And thirdly, cognitive theory, which state that fear of crime is the consequence of the independent influences of beliefs about the negative consequence of being victimised (Howitt, 2006). Moreover, news depends on events of sudden duration, which are unexpected, negative in import, serious in implication, seen as part of pattern, personified, made meaningful and rendered morally unambiguous, all appropriate for moral panics (Crticher, 2003, p. 133).
Another function of media is ‘the enforcement of social norms’: the mass media may initiate organized social action by “exposing” conditions which are at variance

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