Essay on Maryland And The American Civil War

1173 Words Nov 16th, 2014 5 Pages
Maryland in the mid-nineteenth century had bizarre features that were not existent in the other American states. It had an evident split in politics, economy, and culture. Yet, it managed to evade its conflicted temperament until the talk of secessionism ascended the inhabitants within her terrain. After the attack upon Fort Sumter on September April 12, 1861, the American Civil War became unpreventable. Maryland watched its neighbors convert into Northern and Southern support-zones. However, in the midst of such actions by her neighbors, Maryland remained disjointed. She struggled with the decision whether to secede and join the Confederacy or remain in the Union. Geographically, the population sympathized with both the North and South. Yet, Maryland had to be on a side because it was impossible for her to stay autonomous during the Civil War. It also needed other states to succeed economically. Outsiders in favor of the Union decided Maryland’s fate. There may have been a meeting in Frederick which voted on the decision of whether or not Maryland was going to succeed but in reality, the Union decided Maryland would remain with them regardless if she wanted to secede. The Baltimore Riot on April 19, 1861 emphasized southern sympathy. Perhaps, it had to do with fear of losing the Federal capital. Nevertheless, with the use of military and the police, President Abraham Lincoln and Governor Thomas H. Hicks agreed to take Maryland by force if the Maryland General…

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