Major Cities Of The Indus Valley Civilization Essay

1019 Words Nov 19th, 2014 5 Pages
Surviving through droughts was not a critical factor to the survival of the Indus Valley Civilization; its people survived because of a remarkably advanced technological engineering not present in any of the Mesopotamian or Egyptian civilizations. The engineering and city planning used to design many of the three main cities of the Indus Valley suggest strong leadership and forethought to incorporate public works, irrigation, indoor plumping, reservoirs, and craft production. Their process of firing bricks was ingenious, as they were needed to sustain the flooding that occurred occasionally. Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro and Dholivira all possessed similarities linking their civilization together and suggest that this civilization was a group of city-states and possibly an overall state similar to those of Mesopotamia. Each of the large city-states had extensive plumbing and sewage systems, communal baths, citadels—a religious center, and planned houses built with streets and alleyways. In addition to the complex planning used to build these cities, in which they had large, fortified walls with limited access and housed a presumed upper class with areas around to support the middle or lower classes. Trade of beads, bangles, jewelry of copper, Lapis lazuli, and even gold occurred, not only along the Persian Gulf but extended to Mesopotamia and Egypt. Clearly the advanced engineering, significant trade and planned cities throughout the region suggest the Indus Valley…

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