Lymphoma Essay

1759 Words Dec 6th, 2014 8 Pages
Lymphoma

Lymphoma is when cells in the lymph system change and grow uncontrollably that may form a tumor. In the lymph system there are thin tubes that branch out to all different parts of the body ("Types of Cancer: Lymphoma"). Its job is to fight infections and diseases. In the lymph system it carries lymph which is colorless fluid containing lymphocytes that are white blood cells. The main job of a lymphocyte is to fight of germs in the body. Two main lymphocytes are B-lymphocytes and T-lymphocytes. B-lymphocytes also called B-cells make antibodies to fight off bacteria and T-lymphocytes kill viruses, foreign cells and triggers B-cells to make antibodies ("Types of Cancer: Lymphoma"). In different areas of the lymph systems
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In patients with Hodgkin lymphoma the cancer cells clusters in lymph nodes and forms tumors and also spill into the blood stream that spreads the cancer around the body ("Leukaemia & Lymphoma Research"). Some signs of Hodgkin lymphoma are swelling of glands, or lymph nodes, in the neck, chest, groin or armpit. Usually lasting up to six weeks from the swelling it causes a lump that is painless but persistent ("Leukaemia & Lymphoma Research"). These lumps are usually tender and shrink away quickly. There is no single cause of Hodgkin lymphoma however, a combination of different factors include our genes and infection with specific viruses but “About half of all Hodgkin lymphoma cases are triggered by infection with Epstein Barr virus (EBV). EBV is extremely common and most people are infected with it at some point during their lives” ("Leukaemia & Lymphoma Research"pg 4 para2). Few people suffer any illness and even less develops Hodgkin lymphoma itself. It is unclear that Hodgkin lymphoma may develop due to the immune system reacts unusually to EBV ("Leukaemia & Lymphoma Research"). Viruses are linked to diseases this lymphoma is not contagious and cannot be transmitted from person to person. This lymphoma like I said earlier most common blood cancer in young adults between the ages 15 and 35 years but it can affect

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