Essay on Intel and the Microprocessor

1741 Words Jun 24th, 2015 7 Pages
Term Paper: History of Intel and its microprocessors
The microprocessor is a chip made of silicon that holds a central processing unit. Both the term’s central processing unit or CPU and microprocessor can be used and mean the same thing. The human brain has been compared to a microprocessor. Microprocessors are ultra fast calculators and what makes a microprocessor appear intelligent is the speed at which it can process data. The electronics industry names, microprocessors first by makers name and then model family name or number. A recent example, are the Intel Core i7 and AMD FX 8 Core Black Edition. Microprocessors provides scientist, engineers, architects, graphic designers, researchers, and other professionals with the processing
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Intel means integrated electronics, headquartered in California. Intel had a strong starting point by the backing of Arthur Rock, he invested $10,000 and raised $2.5 million (Intel Timeline, 1968). Arthur Rock became the first Chairman of the Intel. In 1969, Intel began by selling computer memory, this included the world’s first metal oxide semiconductor known as 1101 (256 bit static random-access memory, SRAM) but it did not sell as the company had envisioned (Intel Corporation). During this time in the development of computer technology, Magnetic-core memory was the standard memory used in computers and had been since 1952 (computer memory). In 1970, Intel released a one-kilobyte chip known as the 1103. The 1024 bit chip was one of the first dynamic random access memory modules. In that era 1kb chip was an impressive achievement and also provided faster speeds than the magnetic core memory. The 1103 was priced at 1 cent/bit and cost about $10, this was a competitive advantage over the Magnetic-core memory that cost $1 per bit (magnetic core memory). As a result, DRAM became the new standard for computer memory. In 1971, Intel became a pubic company (Intel Corporation). According to Intel’s official website, “In 1969, Nippon Calculating Machine Corporation approached Intel to design twelve custom chips for its new Busicom 141-PF printing calculator. Intel engineers suggested a family of just four chips, including one that

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