Gender Discrimination : The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ( Eeoc )

2998 Words Dec 3rd, 2014 12 Pages
Pradheeth Reddy, Elisabeth Molloy, Kevin DunleavyECON 5357December 3, 2014
Gender Discrimination in the Labor MarketIntroduction The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) was established by Title VII of the of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to protect individuals from discrimination; it was the first federal law designed to protect most US employees from employment discrimination based upon that employee 's (or applicant 's) race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. However, despite the enactment of this law, women today still face employment discrimination on a significant level. Women still lack full access to traditionally male occupations and are often steered into lower-paying and less desirable jobs. On average, women are also paid less than their male counterparts in starting salary and are often subjected to sexual harassment in the workplace. The following discussion analyses the challenges women face in the labor market and possible resolves to these issues.
Hiring and Promotion of Women Managerial and professional jobs are among the most prestigious and well-paid positions, and women have gained access to these jobs even though sex segregation and discrimination exist in the economy. The percentage of women in managerial, executive, and administrative jobs has increased from 18.5 percent in 1970 to 43 percent in 1994 (Cohen; 1998). As impressive as these numbers appear to be, the statistics may be overstated. Although sex segregation in the job…

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