Essay about Erp in Retail

2778 Words Mar 25th, 2012 12 Pages
Introduction:
ERP is the short form of Enterprise Resource Planning. ERP utilizes ERP software applications to advance the performance of organizations' resource planning, management control and operational control. ERP software is multi-module appliance software that integrates activities across functional departments, from product planning, parts purchasing, inventory control, product circulation, to order tracking. ERP software may include application modules for the finance, accounting and human resources aspects of a business.

Enterprise Resource Planning systems (ERPs) integrate (or attempt to integrate) all data and processes of an organization into a unified system. A typical ERP system will use multiple components of computer
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Much of ERP success, however, has been limited to the integration of various functional departments.

* ERP Users - The users of ERP systems are workforce of the organization at all levels, from workers, supervisors, mid-level managers to executives.

* Hardware and Operating Systems - Many huge ERP systems are UNIX based. Windows NT and Linux are other popular operating systems to run ERP software. Legacy ERP systems may use other operating systems.

The Boundary of an ERP System - The boundary of an ERP system is usually smaller than the boundary of the organization that implements the ERP system. In contrast, the boundary of supply chain systems and ecommerce systems extends to the organization's suppliers, distributors, partners and consumers. In practice, however, many ERP implementations engage the integration of ERP with exterior information systems.
Implementation:
Because of their wide scope of application within a business, ERP software systems are typically complex and usually impose significant changes on staff work practices. Implementing ERP software is typically not an "in-house" skill, so even smaller projects are more cost effective if specialist ERP implementation consultants are employed. The length of time to implement an ERP system depends on the size of the business, the scope of the change and willingness of the customer to take ownership for

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