Essay about Diabetes Is A Disease That Affects All Kinds Of People

974 Words Nov 30th, 2014 4 Pages
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes is a disease that affects all kinds of people. Whether it is children or adults, young or old. The type of diabetes determines the risk factors, signs and symptoms or any kind of complications. Diabetes type one is classified as "juvenile-onset" or "insulin-dependent" diabetes. What this type of diabetes does is the immune system destroys cells that release insulin, eliminating the production of insulin in the body. Without insulin, cells can 't absorb the sugar in the body, which is used to make energy. On the other hand, type 2 diabetes is classified as "adult-onset" or "non-insulin dependent diabetes. This type of diabetes can develop at every age. The body isn’t able to make use of the insulin that is currently being produced, which is called insulin resistance. As this disease progresses, the pancreas will produce less insulin, causing a deficiency. (WebMD, 2005-2014)
The risk factors for type one diabetes include family history, climate, childhood diet, exposure to viral infections, respiratory infections, and some environmental factors. While risk factors for diabetes include family history, being overweight, eating an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, high blood pressure, ethnicity, impaired glucose tolerance, poor nutrition during pregnancy. Having a poor diet during pregnancy can lead to gestational diabetes mellitus. The difference between these two types of diabetes is that type one diabetics can 't prevent the onset of diabetes, while…

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