Dental Hand Instruments Essay

1678 Words Aug 17th, 2012 7 Pages
DHO 111 DAC and DAD                            HAND INSTRUMENTS AND DEVICES Dental Tools 4 PARTS OF DENTAL HAND INSTRUMENTS Handle Shank - joins the handle and a blade or nib. Cutting instrument = blade and a cutting edge, non-cutting instrument = nib and a face or point. . BASIC INSTRUMENTS MECS Mouth Mirror Increased visibility Reflecting light Retracting soft tissues Usual sizes No. 4 and 5 Constricted areas = No.2 2 general types: Plane mirror Magnifying mirror Cotton Pliers Dressing pliers Cotton pliers Serrated / non serrated Locking / non locking Useful to pick up small items and remove small items from the mouth. Used to to avoid contamination. Explorer are sharp, pointed metallic instruments so designed …show more content…
BURDEN NOTES

DHO 111 DAC and DAD    Used to slightly pry the teeth apart if a cavity is between two teeth Celluloid Strip If the cavity is in between the teeth, a clear plastic matrix band is placed between the teeth to keep the filling material from bonding onto the other tooth Light cure machine This is a curing light which is used to harden the filling material used for white / tooth colored fillings and also the material used for sealants. Periodontal probe A periodontal probe is used by a dentist or hygienist to measure the depths of a space between the tooth and gum Scaler A scaler is most often used during a dental cleaning to remove tartar, also known as calculus. Cement spatula This is a spatula that the dentist or dental assistant uses to mix up specific materials. Air and water syringe Washing Rinsing Drying Others: ( used with handpiece) Burs Exodontia dental extraction is the removal of a tooth from the mouth. non-restorable wisdom teeth Impacted teeth        For orthodontic purposes Dental pelican for tooth pulling, Europe, 1701-1800 earliest instruments designed to remove teeth. double-ended pelican dental key It remained popular into the 20th century when it was replaced by the more modern forceps. Modeled after a door key, the dental key was used by first inserting the instrument horizontally into the mouth, then its "claw" would be tightened over a tooth.

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ELEVATORS loosen ‘elevate’ the

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