Essay on Criminal Law

4046 Words Jul 4th, 2013 17 Pages
Douglas S. Coppin
The Effects of Capital Punishments
NIC / Executive Leadership
June 2013

Evidence-Based Practice in the Criminal Justice System The phrase “because we have always done it that way” universally is no longer acceptable as it pertains to working in many sectors of the work-force, especially within the criminal justice system. Constant financial pressure to streamline budgets, coupled with ever-changing political climates have forced criminal justice organizations to embrace evidence-based concepts and practices. Evidence-based practice is defined as the use of practices that have been scientifically tested and proven effective. In simple terms, doing what works. This has led to drastic changes in various
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And last, some assert that capital punishment offers neither a deterrent or brutalization effect. This term is called the null effect thesis. Before examining these perspectives, a brief history of capital punishment is discussed.
Early Capital Punishment
The history of capital punishment can be traced back to the earliest civilizations where it was used to discipline all sorts of offenses. In biblical times the death penalty was widely used in brutal inhumane ways. The first recognized death penalty laws date to the Eighteenth Century B.C. in the Code of King Hammaurabi of Babylon. These laws codified the death penalty for over 20 different crimes (Randa, L. 1977). Capital punishment was also part of the Hittite Code in the Fourteenth Century B. C. The infamous Draconian Code of Athens, in Seventh Century B. C. made death the lone punishment for all crimes. Old Roman Law in the Fifth Century B.C. consisted of the Twelve Tablets, which called for death for numerous offenses (Randa, L. 1977). Ironically, the offense of murder was excluded in many of the codes that called for death. A brief examination of capital punishment reveals that the threshold for receiving the ultimate punishment levied by society was far less, especially when compared to modern day laws, particularly in the more advanced societies. What we now consider to be petty crimes such as theft was often met with death by society.
The first

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