Introduction Cognitive behavior therapy is a form of psychotherapy that surrounds the important role of “thinking” in how we feel and what we do. The idea that our thoughts control how we feel, is used in place of external factors such as situations, events or people, if this is true then if change the way we think we can change the way we feel. The first step in cognitive behavior therapy is to become aware of the negative thoughts a patient is having. A patient is given a number of therapy sessions, in these sessions the therapist heightens the awareness by helping the patient become more alert to the irrational or negative thought process and assisting them in a more rational way of thinking. Cognitive behavior therapy allows a
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In cognitive disputation the clinician would use persuasion and direct questioning of the client to express her thoughts and feelings (Parrott III, 2003). In treating the teenager, the clinician would ask the teen if she could put rational thought to her anger. He would ask questions such as: How do you know your anger is real?, How can you do you know that the reason you are angry is real?, and If the reason you are angry is true, then what is the worst that can happen to you by allowing you to think more positively? (Parrott III, 2003). Asking these questions of the teen would allow her to think more about why she is getting angry and be able to express a deeper reasoning. It may cause her to become defensive of the questions being asked, but the clinician will be sensitive to her thoughts and allow her to express her emotions.
Imaginal disputation also called ration-emotive imagery is the thought that the client’s emotional consequences are similar to what is actually real. This technique is used to provide a safe place for new ways of thinking (Parrott III, 2003). When using this technique on the teen with anger issues, the clinician would ask the teen to imagine her moment of anger and what caused it and then imagine responding differently to the problem. Once the teen is beginning to imagine the different feelings, the clinician then would ask the teen to notice what he or she is thinking or saying to herself in order to change the feelings or