Coconut as Activated Fiber Muffler Filter Essay

1031 Words Feb 2nd, 2012 5 Pages
Valenzuela City Science High School A. Marcelo St., Dalandanan, Valenzuela City

The Use of Coconut Shells (Cocos Nucifera mesocarp)
As Green Activated Carbon Fiber
For Muffler Air Filter

Group Members:
De Leon, Glenn Patrick C.
Enmil Jr., Rolando Manuel P.
Santos-Diaz, Zoe Marie C.
Suyat, Pauline Jirah A.

Submitted to:
Mr. Albert Tolentino

Date Submitted:
Aug. 10, 2011

Chapter 1: Introduction

Statement of the Problem A. General problem: 1. How could we use coconut shells to come up to an activated carbon fiber?

B. Specific problem: 1. What would be the duration of transforming the coconut shells to be activated carbon? 2. How can activated carbon fiber help to filter air in vehicle
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The possible outcome will be assured to be eco-friendly and able to help nature.

Chapter 2: Review of Related Literature

The coconut palm (Cocos Nucifera) is a member of the family Arecacae (palm family). This are commonly found on tropics and it is known for its great versatility as seen in the many domestic, commercial and industrial uses of its different parts. Its endosperm is known as the edible “flesh” of the coconut, when dried it is called copra and its mesocarp is known as the coconut shell. The coconut thrives on sandy soils and is highly tolerant of salinity. It prefers areas with abundant sunlight and regular rainfall (150 cm-250 cm annually).Coconut also need high humidity (70%-80%) for optimum growth. Optimum growth is with a mean annual temperate of 27º C (81ºF) and growth is reduced below 21ºC (70ºF).

Coconut shells is an appropriate substitute in making an activated carbon because of its absorbent properties. Activated carbon, or activated charcoal, that has been processed to make extremely porous and thus to have s very large surface area for absorption. The process of activated carbon generation begins with the selection of a raw carbon source. These sources are selected based on design specifications since different raw sources will produce activated carbon with different properties. Some of the more common raw sources include wood, sawdust, lignite, peat, coal, coconut shells, and

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