Child Abuse And Neglect Of Children, Families, And Communities
A caring community has the capacity to support every member and help ensure safe passage to adulthood for all the children. Yet child abuse and neglect is a serious problem in many communities. It has significant impact on the current and future health of our children, families, and communities.
Child abuse includes emotional maltreatment, sexual violations, and physical or non-accidental injuries inflicted on a child by a caregiver such as severe beatings (Crosson-Tower, 2003). Physical signs of abuse and neglect are those that are observable. They may be mild or severe but they involve the child 's physical appearance. Behavioral clues may exist alone or may accompany physical indicators. Neglect includes situations where caregiver has failed to provide or protect the child 's safety and involves inattention to the basic needs of a child, including food, shelter and medical care. While physical abuse tends to be episodic, neglect tends to be chronic (Crosson-Tower, 2003, p.16).
There are strategies to decrease risk for abuse and neglect, such as by increasing knowledge of normal child development, enhancing effective parenting skills, or assisting parents in using quality child care programs. In order to prevent potential abuse and neglect, the society needs to decrease high risk situations. Similarly, broader systems changes, such as helping parents obtain adequate employment, or enhancing availability of quality child care may reduce risk (Brunson &…