Essay on Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy

1488 Words Mar 20th, 2012 6 Pages
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy

Thomas Edison State College

Men face many health risks as they age. It is important for men to have regular check-ups with their primary care physician. One area men should pay close attention to is the prostate. The prostate is a male reproductive gland that produces the fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation. It surrounds the urethra, the tube through which urine passes out of the body. As men age, past the age of fifty, it is common for the prostate to become enlarged, a condition known as BPH. BPH stands for benign (non-cancerous) prostatic hyperplasia or hypertrophy. It is a condition where the prostate becomes enlarged making urination more difficult by narrowing the urethra. BPH can be
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Having a blood relative such as a father or brother with prostate problems means you’re more likely to have the problems as well. Prostate enlargement is also found to be more common in white and black men. It is a rare condition in African, Chinese and other Asian populations for reasons that are unknown. BPH is so common it has been claimed that the annual cost in caring for men with BPH was more than 4 billion dollars. There are many ways to treat BPH there are medications and surgical options available. Some of the medications available are known as alpha-adrenergic blockers. They work to relax the muscle tissue surrounding the bladder outlet and lining the wall of the urethra to permit urine to flow more freely. These medications help improve obstructive symptoms. They do not stop the prostate from enlarging. Medications such as Finasteride and dutasteride do shrink the prostate and may delay the need for surgery. Finasteride and dutasteride lower the levels of hormones produced by the prostate and thus reducing the size of the prostate gland. It typically takes 3-6 months before you notice much improvement with finasteride and dutasteride. The other medication that remains controversial is the use of antibiotics. Antibiotics are prescribed to treat chronic prostatitis which may accompany BPH. Some patients have noted relief of the BPH symptoms after a course of antibiotics. When drugs have failed to

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