Attention Deficit And Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

2040 Words Dec 1st, 2014 9 Pages
Recent research now connects reduced regional volumes of the cerebellum with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder. Stimulants are currently the most common method of treating this mental disorder, but what effect do they have on the brain and how are they subduing the symptoms?

Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD for short, is a very common childhood mental disorder, with symptoms ranging from difficulty paying attention to general hyperactivity. Many previous studies have analyzed this mental disorder and have found correlations with a decreased size of the frontal cortex, along with abnormal activation of the basal ganglion; both of which help with cognitive processing and decision-making. While these may be contributing factors to a much more complex psychological condition, recent work done by Dr.Ivanov and his team, has shed new light on the role that the cerebellum plays in the normal attentional and cognitive control mechanisms^1. The team also looked into the effects of stimulant medication on the brain of patients diagnosed with ADHD. Future studies can now expand upon this research and focus on the biochemical interactions that could be causing this disorder.

The cerebellum is a region of the brain located at the back of the head and tucked underneath the cerebral hemispheres. Its functions include the control of our motor neurons, coordination and everyday movement. Just like other brain regions, the cerebellum is capable of…

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