Contents General Models Nation Building and Political Development 1 Nation Building and War-fighting in Historical Perspective 4 Post Cold War Approaches to Nation-building: The Case of the United States: 6 Nation Building and War fighting: A Snapshot of the Record 8 Germany and Japan: misleading historical lessons, specious claims: 9 CONCLUSION 10 BIBLIOGRAPHY 11
ASSESS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WAR-FIGHTING AND NATION-BUILDING.
Nothing is, and will remain in such short supply in the greater majority of the polities of the world’s ‘countryside’, as a sense of political community; and yet no such crucial term as ‘nation building’ has of recent been subjected to so much trivialisation and casual usage.
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The studies were the product of the 1960s intellectual ferment when the most perceptive debate on the future of the newly independent polities in Asia and Africa took place, specifically on nation building and political development. Most recent studies on the subject originate from the United States and have a tendency to play excessively to the gallery of patriotism at the cost of analytical depth, especially in the wake of 911; and also exhibit a critical lack of grasp of what it is that nation building entails as we shall see later. Key among these is Fukuyama (2004), Watson (2004) and Dobbins et al (2003). Even those like Hippler (2005) from ‘old Europe’ that would appear to question the unrealistic assumptions of current thinking on nation building also tend to fall in the trap of looking at the process rather perfunctorily.
Several schools of thought have emerged claiming to map out the process of nation building and I will outline some of them; if for any other reason, to demonstrate that in spite of the continued casual employment of the term it has been a subject of longstanding debate and it is underlain by a body of elaborate theory. The most common is the developmental a la Cutright (1963) and Parsons (1971), and criticised by among others, Tilly for taking the existence of nations for granted and merely focusing on factors that determine their durability, strength and